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博碩士論文: 苗栗縣國小舞龍運動的傳承、轉化與創新推廣=The inheritance, transformation and innovative promotion of dragon dance movement among elementary

  • 作者:徐國寶(Hsu,Kuo-pao)(研究生)
  • 其他作者:黃世明(Huang,Shih-Ming)(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:國立聯合大學
  • 系所名稱:經濟與社會研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2011
  • 畢業學年度:99
  • 頁數:128
    • 主題:節慶-其他
    • 關鍵詞:民俗舞龍、競技龍、體育、運動、苗栗龍、Folk Dragon Dancing、sports Dragon Dancing、physical education、sports、Miaoli Dragon Bombing
    • 國家:臺灣

    摘要:

    本文以苗栗縣國小為研究對象,以舞龍的傳承轉化與創新推廣為研究主題,探討舞龍從融入民俗儀式的節慶活動舞台,進入配合競技規則的運動賽事場域。舞龍是如何導入國小校園、過程轉化、創新及擴散推廣;舞龍在苗栗的多元活動,是否與客家文化有關連等內容。
    筆者從事苗栗縣國民小學的舞龍訓練,對舞龍的教育推廣,有長久的參與經驗;本研究採用質性研究法,首先透過文獻回顧,解析客家文化與舞龍的關聯性,再透過訪談法與參與觀察法,探討家長、公部門、校長及學校舞龍教練,在舞龍運動推廣過程中,如何形成競技龍的交流往來網絡;分析舞龍競技在學校推展擴散的進退成敗情勢,以及不同接納者各自抉擇考量的過程與影響因素。
    本研究的結果如下:
    一、舞龍在苗栗的發展,是從漢人舞龍燈的傳承中,逐漸變異成苗栗龍,在公部門經營下,加以行銷與推廣,建構出龍與客家庄的關連性,成為客庄十二大節慶之一。
    二、童年「迎龍」的記憶,配合公部門的經費支援,啟動苗栗校園舞龍的推動種子,透過教育圈凝聚的推動團隊及成立學校藝團的動機,建構苗栗國小的舞龍網絡,讓舞龍得以在苗栗的校園、區域到國際進行不同層次的創新擴散。
    三、舞龍的發展逐漸從神聖走向世俗化:隨著校園競技龍興起,讓具神聖性質的瑞獸神性、點睛祭祀、糊龍禁忌及儀式性動作…等的傳統龍,變成結合舞蹈、體操、國術與舞龍的複合型體育競技,讓舞龍變成精緻化及藝術化的體育項目。
    四、苗栗縣校園舞龍的擴散優勢在於擁有熱心舞龍活動的教育團隊,及願意提供舞龍展演舞台、經費及創新機會的公部門。整體而言,舞龍的擴散困境則需透過公部門的資源統整、學校舞龍團隊的技術傳承、體育大學的教材研發與師資培訓,及舞龍協會的目標整合等因素才能克服。
    This paper aims primarily to study the tradition, transformation and promotion of Dragon Dancing in elementary schools in Miaoli. In addition, this paper discusses how Dragon Dancing is evolved from ceremonial ritual in the folk culture into a sporting event. Furthermore, the introduction of Dragon Dancing to the elementary campus, the transfiguration and the expansion as well as the connection between the Hakka culture and the multi-Dragon Dancing activities will be discussed in this paper.
    I have taken lead Dragon Dancing training in several elementary schools in Miaoli County and participated in its expansion and promotion on campus for many years. Qualitative research methods are applied in my research which begins with a literature review, analyzing the association of Hakka culture with Dragon Dancing, followed by a series of interviews with parents, government officials, school principals and coaches as well as filed observations in an attempt to explore how the communication network on Sports Dragon Dancing is established during its expansion and promotion in schools. The analysis of success factors of Dragon Dancing competitions in schools will also be measured.
    The results of this study are as follows:
    1) Development of Dragon Dancing in Miaoli: Miaoli Dragon Bombing is the cultural inheritance developed from Han’s Dragon Lantern Dancing. Under the management, marketing and promotion of the government, Dragon Bombing becomes associated with Hakka and is one of the twelve major festivals in the regions today.
    2) The childhood memories on “welcoming the dragons” are resurrected, thanks to the educational taskforce promoting Dragon Dancing in elementary schools in Miaoli, with financial supports from the government. With the ardent promoters from the educational institutions setting up campus Dragon Dancing clubs, the Dragon Dancing network comes into shape, allowing Dragon Dancing to thrive on campus in Miaoli and to reach out to the regions and the world in different aspects.
    3) Step by step, the development of Dragon Dancing becomes more secular rather than sacred. The arising of sports Dragon Dancing on campus provides an opportunity to transforms all the religious techniques common in the traditional Dragon Bombing, such as god-like creatures, dotting worship, paste Dragon taboos, into a more complex sporting event with a combination of dancing, gymnastics and martial arts. These transformations define Dragon Dancing as a delicate and artistic sporting event.
    4) The key of the Dragon Dancing’s successful expansion among campus in Miaoli is because there’re a group of dedicated and passionate education teams who put in hours in the event and the government who provides funding, platform and innovative opportunities. . Overall, to liberate Dragon Dancing from its stagnant and sluggish expansion requires the integration of government resources, campus Dragon Dancing teams’ experience sharing, Sports University’s learning materials development, train the trainer program as well as synchronizing objectives of all the Dragon Dancing Associations.

    目錄:

    審定書 i
    謝誌 ii
    中文摘要 iii
    Abstract iv
    表目錄 vii
    圖目錄 vii
    第一章 緒論 1
    第一節 研究動機 1
    第二節 研究目的 3
    第三節 研究範圍與對象 7
    第二章 文獻探討 8
    第一節 「舞龍」與「客家」的文化關連及苗栗之推展 8
    第二節 遊戲理論概念與舞龍遊戲特質 17
    第三節 舞龍活動的「聖與俗」 24
    第四節 競技龍的創新推廣 31
    第三章 研究方法 37
    第一節 研究方法 .37
    第二節 研究架構 40
    第四章 苗栗之民俗舞龍與校園舞龍 41
    第一節 民俗性的苗栗舞龍 41
    第二節 苗栗龍之習俗探究 46
    第三節 苗栗民俗舞龍進入校園 54
    第四節 民俗舞龍進入校園之聖俗轉化 57
    第五節 小結 60
    第五章 苗栗縣國小舞龍隊的發展分析 63
    第一節 苗栗縣國小舞龍活動的轉化 63
    第二節 校園舞龍的創新推廣 85
    第三節 苗栗舞龍跨區域擴散研究 96
    第四節 小結 106
    第六章 結論與省思 109
    第一節 結論 109
    第二節 省思 118
    第三節 未來研究建議 120
    參考文獻 122