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博碩士論文: 六堆鹿寮庄的拓墾與發展之研究=A Study of Settlement Reclamation and Development at Luliao Village in Liu Dui Area

  • 作者:林淑瑛(Shu-ing Lin)(研究生)
  • 其他作者:吳中杰(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:高雄師範大學
  • 系所名稱:客家文化研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2010
  • 畢業學年度:98
  • 頁數:124
    • 主題:聚落-其他
    • 關鍵詞:鹿寮庄、聚落拓墾、族群關係、Luliao village、Settlement reclamation、Tribe relationship
    • 國家:臺灣

    摘要:

    本研究旨在探究「鹿寮庄」聚落的拓墾與族群互動關係,並試圖建立鹿寮庄歷史文化的基礎資料。透過資料蒐集、田野調查、訪談、和文獻分析等方法,進行研究。研究結果分述如下:
    一、地理位置概述:鹿寮庄屬於鳳山八社的力力社之傳統領域,位在隘寮溪、林邊溪、力力溪源自於潮州斷層崖的東側,是屏東平原的沖積扇端,地勢平坦,水源豐富。
    二、拓墾概況:在康熙四十六年前後,由施世榜以施長齡的墾戶名,向官府取得力力社墾照而佔墾,施家招聘了許多潮州府和嘉應州等地的客籍佃戶,這群佃戶是最早開發鹿寮庄的移民。清末,尚有來自六堆其他聚落的二次移民。
    三、經濟生活概況:從清代至民國五十年代,居民以農業維生,主要作物以稻米為主。隨著工業發展快速,種植稻米的收入大幅下降,農民轉作經濟價值較高的香蕉、蓮霧。但隨著因市場供需失衡、種植成本及人力過高,自七十年代起,農民便大量種植檳榔。
    四、宗教信仰概況:早期的信仰為三山國王、伯公、佛教及基督教,目前主要的信仰是國王廟及四座伯公。
    五、移民籍貫與屬性:祖先大多來自於嘉應州(梅縣)及鎮平(今蕉嶺),以林姓、鍾姓為主。此外,尚有可能從林后(今泗林)移居至鹿寮,祖籍為饒平的尤姓與陳姓家族。
    六、族群互動關係:鹿寮庄鄰近的荖藤林、加走庄、四塊厝、林后、劉厝等庄,有多數的粵籍潮屬饒平縣人,因潮汕語系接近閩南語系而類聚同化。早期,這些地區的閩、潮移民,雖然與客庄族群關係緊張,時有衝突,但隨著社會變遷,閩客聯婚或收養義子之事,也時有所聞。而上述這些衝突,也早已走入歷史。
    The main purpose of this study is to investigate the settlement reclamation and tribe relationship at Luliao village. I conduct this research by document collections, field investigations, interviews, and literature reviews to establish the historical and cultural database of Luliao village. The research findings were summarized as follows:
    1.Survey of geographical location:Luliao village was once the traditional territory of Netne tribe, one of the Fengshan eight tribes. It was located in the intersections of Ai-Liao brook and Lin-ben brook. Netne brook, originated from the east part of Chaochou Fault, was on the edege of Pingtung alluvial plain. The land of Luliao village is flat, the water there is aboundant.
    2.Survey of settlement reclamation:Around the 46th year of Kangxi Emperor, Shih- Bang Shih use the name”Chang-Ling Shih” to apply for the reclamation licence from the Ching imperial government. The Shih families employed tenant farmers who are from Chaochou and Jiaying areas. These tenant farmers were the forerunners of immigrants who cultivated Luliao village. Besides, there were other immigrants from other tribes of Lui Dui area at the end of Ching dynasty.
    3.Survey of economic status:From Ching dynasty to 1950s, the inhabitants at Luliao village made their livings by agriculture. Rice was the main food crop then. Due to rapid industrial development, the income of planting rice reduced definitely. Instead of planting rice, the farmers began to cultivate bananas and wax-apple. As the market supply and demand went unbalanced, and planting corps costed too much, the farmers turned to cultivate betel palm since the 1970s.
    4.Survey of religion ststus:Most of the residents at Luliao village believed in San-Shan kings, God of land, Buddha, and the Christ in early days. Nowadays, they believe in San-Shan kings and God of land.
    5.The origin of immigrants:Most ancestors of Luliao residents whose last names were Lin or Chung came from Jiaying(Mei County)or Chenping(Chiaoling)areas. Besides, there were residents who once lived in Linhou(Ssulin)moved to Luliao. They were the Yu families or Chen families who came from Raoping.
    6.Tribe relationship:The neiboring villages that surround Luliao village were Laotenglin, Chiatsou, Ssukuaitso, Linhou, and Liutso. Most of the residents were Guangdong immigrants who came from Raoping. Due to similar dialects, the residents who lived in the neiboring villages that surround Luliao spoke dialects that belong to the southern part of Fukien Province. In the early times, immigrants from these areas were in great tensions with Hakka people. Conflicts and fightings happened all the time. As time went by, marriages between two different tribes or adoptions were heard often. The conflicts and fightings metioned above had became a history long time ago.

    目錄:

    第一章 緒論………………………………………………………...1
    第一節 研究動機與目的………………….………………………1
    第二節 研究範圍…………………………………………………3
    第三節 研究方法與流程…………………………………………7
    第四節 文獻回顧與探討…………………………………………10
    第二章 鹿寮庄的自然與人文環境…….………………………… 17
    第一節 自然環境的性質………………………………………… 18
    第二節 鹿寮庄土地上的先住民……………………….…………23
    第三節 清代漢番地權的轉移……………………………………34
    第三章 鹿寮庄發展與變遷…………………………..……………45
    第一節 鹿寮庄土地的開發……………………….………………45
    第二節 聚落型態與宗族組織………………….…………………58
    第三節 鹿寮庄經濟產業活動………………………..……………64
    第四節 宗教信仰……………………………….…………….……69
    第四章 鹿寮庄移民屬性與族群關係………………………………77
    第一節 住民籍貫與屬性………………….……………..………77
    第二節 聚落與六堆組織的關係……………………………..….84
    第三節 聚落的族群關係………………………………………...101
    第五章 結論………………………….……….…………………….. 113
    參考文獻……………………………………………..……..……….. 119
    表目錄

    表1-1 鹿寮村沿革表………………………………………………………………4
    表2-1 清初鳳山八社納米數量:雍正四年至乾隆二年(1726-1737)……… 32
    表3-1鹿寮庄大租負擔表…………………………………………………………56
    表3-2捐修天后宮芳名碑記-鹿寮莊(一)……………………………………57
    表3-3捐修天后宮芳名碑記-鹿寮庄(二)……………………………………58
    表3-4日治時期萬巒庄農業戶數及人口數統計表………………………………65
    表4-1 1926年下淡水地區客家人街庄移民籍貫人口表…………………………79
    表4-2朱一貴事件期間下淡水客庄兵力的布署(康熙六十年)………………86
    表4-3吳福生事件期間下淡水客庄兵力的部署(康熙六十年)………………87
    表4-4光緒年間六堆規模表………………………………………………………91
    表4-5日治初期六堆規模表………………………………………………………92
    表4-6昭和年間六堆規模表………………………………………………………93
    表4-7 六堆之「附堆」表…………………………………………………………97
    表4-8 萬巒鄉林泰公房派下子孫嘗會分佈表……………………………………99
    表4-9 屏東平原漢人鄉貫分布…………………………………………………..104

    圖目錄
    圖1-1屏東縣萬巒鄉地名的分佈…………………………………………………5
    圖1-2鹿寮村區域水文圖…………………………………………………………6
    圖1-3研究流程圖…………………………………………………………………9
    圖2-1鳳山八社社址分布圖………………………………………………………17
    圖2-2屏東平原的生態環境………………………………………………………21
    圖2-3屏東縣萬巒鄉自然環境……………………………………………………22
    圖2-4清代屏東平原行區域與鳳山八社分佈……………………………………25
    圖2-5一七○○年代初期鳳山縣土地佔墾現象…………………………………39
    圖2-6施國義立盡杜賣絕契書……………………………………………………40
    圖2-7.1陳振宏季仝立典契契書…………………………………………………41
    圖2-7.2陳振宏季仝立典契契書…………………………………………………42
    圖2-8紅孕立賣契…………………………………………………………………43
    圖2-9潘進生立典厝地契…………………………………………………………44
    圖3-1施世榜家族在港東里地區佔墾租業分佈…………………………………48
    圖3-2明治37年(1904)台灣堡圖古今對照圖……………………………… 60
    圖3-3鹿寮村衛星圖………………………………………………………………61
    圖3-4明治37年(1904)台灣堡圖(鹿寮庄)……………………………… 65
    圖4-1下淡水客庄與朱一貴事件關係示意圖……………………………………88
    圖4-2下淡水客庄與吳福生事件關係示意圖……………………………………88
    圖4-3忠義亭碑……………………………………………………………………97
    圖4-4泰公房嘗會祖堂位置圖……………………………………………………100
    圖4-5下淡水溪以東潮汕移民聚落示意圖………………………………………107