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博碩士論文: 客家文學中的女性形象與主體敘事=Female Image and Self Narration in Hakka Literature

  • 作者:林惠珊(HUI-SHAN-LIN)(研究生)
  • 其他作者:吳中杰(CHONG-CHIEH WU)(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:高雄師範大學
  • 系所名稱:客家文化研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2010
  • 畢業學年度:98
  • 頁數:181
    • 主題:客家圖書-作品單篇
    • 關鍵詞:客家、客家文學、客家女性、女性形象、女性主義、Hakka、Hakka Literature、Hakka Women、Female Image、Feminism
    • 國家:臺灣

    摘要:

    長久以來,每當論及客家女性,皆會以「家頭教尾」、「田頭地尾」、「灶頭鑊尾」、「針頭線尾」,此「四頭四尾」集養育、農務、廚事、衣飾於一身的多重形象肯定、讚譽客家女性的犧牲奉獻以及勤敏能幹;許多客籍男性作家作品中所描繪彩畫的,亦是客家女性勤儉、剛毅、內歛、典雅的特質;至今,傳統的客家聚落依舊以此標準,做為教育下一代的規範準則。
    然而,除了勤儉持家、恪守美德,客家女性對於傳統社會以及客籍男性作家筆下所刻意塑造的理想女性的外爍形象,是否產生自我認同的兩難困境?這樣的困境造成了何種影響?
    本論文以女性主義理論與客家文學研究為脈絡,論述女性主義思潮在台灣的影響,探討客籍女性作家詩文創作的理念與意涵,企圖破除傳統的刻板印象以及父權社會體制的規範,將過去刻意壓抑女性的自我意識凝結聚焦,透過女性主體的視角,引出傳統客家女性的多重角色,藉此論述客家社會與客家文學中的女性意象,讓客家女性有機會從自身角度出發開展,聽見自己的聲音,找到真正的自主性。
    From the traditional standpoint, Hakka male in Hakka society stands for taking responsibility of working outside of hometown and Hakka female, certainly, who has to be good housewives, mothers, even sisters-in-law and daughters-in-law, taking care of domestic affairs, such as framing, cooking, educating, needle working, and respecting elder generation. For a long time, when Hakka female mentioned, most people would use multi-images words to give praise to them and think them much hard-working. In many works which were written or painted by Hakka male would describe Hakka female with diligent, strong, modest, and elegant characteristics. Nowadays, some traditional Hakka families still teach next generation according to these old standard rules.
    However, time is changing. Is modern Hakka female in a dilemma of following the traditional images to be industrious and thrifty in running their homes or opening mind to accept new point of view for women to identify themselves? How the internal and external struggle would affect?
    The texture of the thesis relies on feministic theory and Hakka literature research to discuss and expound the influence from the trend of feminism in Taiwan and the concepts and implications from Hakka female writers’ poems and literary works. From female’s perspectives, the Hakka female writers attempt to break traditional stereotypes and the norms made by patriarchal social system in order to gather female self-consciousness which was inhabited in the past; trying to cite out traditional Hakka female’s multiple roles to discuss and expound female’s meanings, symbols, and images from Hakka society and literature. Therefore, Hakka female has chance to find out their female subjectivity and be their own masters by listening to the voice from their hearts and open their minds from their point of view.

    目錄:

    第一章 緒論 1
    第一節 研究動機與目的 1
    第二節 研究方法與章節安排 2
    第三節 文獻探討 5

    第二章 台灣的客家女性 33
    第一節 台灣客家文學研究 33
    第二節 台灣的客家女性研究 37
    第三節 女性主義與『女性主慾』的影響與發展 56

    第三章 「大地之母」杜潘芳格 71
    第一節 生平概述與創作歷程 71
    第二節 作品主題意識探討 74
    第三節 小結 104

    第四章 「跨越自我」利玉芳 107
    第一節 生平概述與創作歷程 107
    第二節 作品主題意識探討 109
    第三節 小結 137

    第五章 「生態戰士」張芳慈 139
    第一節 生平概述與創作歷程 139
    第二節 作品主題意識探討 142
    第三節 小結 171

    第六章 結論 175

    參考書目 185