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博碩士論文: 以食物為信仰之鍊:靈巖山寺苗栗分會女性信徒為例=Food in Buddhist Practice:A study of Taiwan Lin Yen Shan Temple ’s Female Followers in Miaoli

  • 作者:羅晧寧(Hao-Ning LO)(研究生)
  • 其他作者:林本炫(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:國立聯合大學
  • 系所名稱:經濟與社會研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2009
  • 畢業學年度:97
  • 頁數:110
    • 主題:古蹟及歷史建築-寺廟
    • 關鍵詞:臺灣靈巖山寺、臺灣佛教、性別與宗教、社會網絡、女性信徒、食物結緣、Gender and Religion、aiwan Buddhism、Social Network、Female Follower、to Establish Relationship via Food、Taiwan Lin Yen Shan Temple
    • 國家:臺灣

    摘要:

    隨著資訊科技的成熟與網路的普及,網路式數位學習不受時間和空間的限制,使得學習更能適性化、彈性化,將教學活動引領至更寬廣的境界。為了振興客家文化,行政院客家員委會特別設置哈客網路學院提供了一個多元開放的數位學習平台,營造無國界的客家文化及語言的學習環境,因此本研究以哈客網路學院為研究平台與環境,探究影響使用者採用的關鍵因素。
    本研究旨在結合Venkatesh et al. (2003)提出的整合型科技接受模式(UTAUT)與Csikszentmihalyi (1975)的神迷理論,建立本研究理論架構,以具有哈客網路學院使用經驗者為對象,探究影響使用者採用哈客網路學院數位學習的關鍵因素。研究結果顯示,在UTAUT與神迷經驗的五個構面顯著的影響使用意願,有績效期望、努力期望、促成條件及神迷經驗對行為意願呈顯著影響,而使用行為則受到使用意願的直接影響;此外,以性別與年齡調節變項投入採用因素中分析,結果顯示性別及年齡皆能調節使用意願。同時希望因本研究的發現、成果與反應,進而成為客家文化創新及數位學習環境的激發點,將對客家文化的知識積累與傳承產生更大的功效。
    During recent 100 years, the female Buddhist followers in Taiwan (including nuns and in-house followers) have accounted for great weight in Taiwan society and provided tremendous help and achievements in Buddhism business, which is an unique phenomenon in the Buddhism history worldwide. What prompt female followers to participate? What influences have occurred on them during the process of religious participation? What are their exclusive ways to practice religion? Besides, what are the special ways to express or connect their friendship for each other among the female followers?
    In terms of the problematics , in addition to understand the Buddhist rite of Taiwan Lin Yen Shan Temple ’s female followers’ motivations for participating religious activities and the reasons for their continuity, we mainly want to understand what the ways that connect the female followers’ mutual friendship and confirm their faith are, and what influences and changes have occurred in their daily life, as well as what the correlation between these influences and the operation of religious temples is. By referring to theories of social network mainly and by literature review related to diet culture, through the basic findings concluded from field observations and interview data, we try to understand how female followers continue on participating and strengthening their identification with the original religious faith after they have been converted to the religion. In this study, we have found out that the way to establish relationship via food is helpful to maintain and confirm their faith.
    In this study, the main research methods were textual analysis of qualitative research, In-depth Interview and participant observation. This study has found out that female followers have the ways to practice Dhamma teaching in daily life different from the ones practiced by male followers, mainly because female followers use food to be the medium for connecting their relationship and holding their common faith. Through the way to establish relationship with people via food for Buddha, they connect and invite people outside the group to participate in religious activities. In addition, for people within the group, the way can strengthen their firm faith mutually and increase the frequency of their interaction in daily life, so that people will have deeper and deeper friendship. Secondly, analyzed from the research data, because female followers are responsible for household cooking, they adopt contingent ways to solve the difficulties they have in abiding by the creed of non-killing in the Buddhist discipline.
    Thirdly, relationship-establishing is a way for Buddhist followers in a branch to realize their mutual friendship. Judging from the ways to establish relationship and the weight, we can see how deep the friendship is among female followers, and what kind of ways that the president of the association will use to solve the crisis for marinating the peace among the followers when the number of goods for relationship-establishing is excessive and hence resulting in problems. Finally, the foods provided by the followers to the branches and Lin Yen Shan Temple form an important power for marinating the operations of Miaoli Branch and Lin Yen Shan Temple. The Buddhist followers often provide fresh vegetables and fruits voluntarily during the period of a Dhamma Assembly, so that the food in the temple is always adequate and the activity of Dhamma Assembly can be undertaken successfully; also, the public can get good bliss as well. In other words, the provision of “food” is an important pattern of economic behavior between the followers and the branch of Lin Yen Shan Temple.
    To establish relationship via food becomes a way for female followers to express their friendship. Through such a connection, in addition to confirm their faith much more, it also shows the way to practice religion, exclusive for women. Meanwhile, it is also the important way of connection for the followers and Lin Yen Shan Temple as well as its branches economically. Such a simple and unsophisticated way forms the feature of Lin Yen Shan Temple. At the same time, the relationship between the followers and the Buddhist rite is also strengthened.

    目錄:

    第一章 緒論……………………………………………..…………………....1
    第一節 研究動機與目的……………………………..………………….1
    第二節 研究問題…………………………………..……………………..2
    第三節 研究對象…………………………………..……………………..3
    第四節 研究方法……………………….……………………..……….....6
    第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………..…………..14
    第一節 社會網絡理論………………………………………...………..14
    第二節 宗教和婦女之相關研究……………………………...………..19
    第三節 飲食文化……………………………..…...….…………………27
    第三章 靈巖山寺宗風………………………………….….……………….36
    第一節 法身慧命的培植者………………….……….….……………..36
    第二節 隱含深意的宗教活動……………...………...………………..46
    第三節 福慧雙修的行動實踐………………………...………......…...56
    第四章 食物,做為信仰的媒介……………………………...…………….67
    第一節 供品:善因緣的起萌…………………...………………………67
    第二節 煮食:持續信仰的關鍵……………………..…………………80
    第三節 結緣:信徒間情誼的體現…………………………………….89
    第五章 研究發現與延伸討論………………………………..…………….96
    第一節 研究發現………………………………………...……..………96
    第二節 延伸討論………………………………...…………………...101

    參考文獻…………………………………………………...…………………103
    附錄一 受訪者同意書…………………………………...………………..108
    附錄二 訪談大綱………………………………………...………………...109
    表 目 次
    表1-1受訪者基本資料表……………………………………………………12