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博碩士論文: 傳統聚落以文化景觀為保存方式之研究─以雲林縣「七欠」地區為例=A Research of the Traditional Settlements Preservation in Cultural Landscape A Case Study of the "Tshit-khiam" in Yunlin County

  • 作者:黃明泰(Ming-tai Huang)(研究生)
  • 其他作者:邱上嘉(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:雲林科技大學
  • 系所名稱:空間設計系碩士班
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2009
  • 畢業學年度:97
  • 頁數:104
    • 主題:文化景觀-其他
    • 關鍵詞:文化景觀、聚落保存、詔安客、七欠、Tshit-khiam、Chao-An Hakka people、Settlement Preservation、Cultural landscape
    • 國家:臺灣

    摘要:

    2005年新修定的《文化資產保存法》中,新增「文化景觀」的列項,也詳列了文化景觀的類別。廣義的來看文化景觀是「人跟自然互動的結果」,可反應出住民與環境之間長期演變下的關係。目前國內對於聚落與文化景觀的相關定義與分類有明確的定義,但常將聚落其重點視為「建造物及附屬設施群」,卻尚未將聚落與其生活和生產的範圍、在地文化與民俗視為一個完整綜合體納入文化景觀的一環作為保存項目。

    臺灣詔安客最密集的區域位於雲林縣西螺、二崙、崙背等三鄉鎮,人數最多得屬於張廖氏族群,在幾百年的歷史演變下產生「七欠」祭祀圏、聯庄組織和文化圈,區域內除了生活的傳統聚落外還有豐厚的歷史文化,本研究以七欠地區的空間演變探討其歷史脈落發展與空間地景變遷,討論其聚落的空間組織與型態分佈,闡述其歷史文化的涵義。

    再從相關聚落研究的學門以及文化景觀相關的人文地理學與目前國際上對於文化景觀的分類與定義作為相關理論的回顧,進而由國內文化資產與國際相關文化遺產的分類來探討七欠地區作為文化景觀的適切性以及價值性,討論聚落與文化景觀的差異性。另外,由日本文化景觀的保存制度與相關案例維護的討論,思考七欠地區在保存策略上的建議,作為日後聚落指定或登錄為文化景觀保存上之參考。
    In 2005, the category of cultural landscape was newly added into Cultural Heritage Preservation Law and it clearly defined the classifications of cultural landscape. Broadly speaking, cultural landscape can be seen as the result of interaction between the human beings and the nature, which illustrates the chronic relation of the habitants and the environment. Although the difference of settlement and cultural landscape is precisely defined, settlement is often viewed as a group of affiliated buildings. However, the habitants’ lifestyle, production and local customs should be taken into consideration to make the idea of cultural landscape more comprehensive.

    His-lo, Er-lun and Lun-bei in Yun-lin county are three towns where majority of Chao-An Hakka people live, and villagers with surnames of Chang and Liao are the lead. For hundreds of years, the united community of culture and worship customs has been formed and is called Tshit-khiam. In this research, the evolution of spatial change and history as well as the distribution of spatial organization of Tshit-khiam is studied and discussed.

    Not only compared with how the concept of cultural landscape is defined internationally, much literature relevant to settlement studies and cultural landscape is also reviewed in this study. By assessing the example of Tshit-khiam from standpoints of cultural heritage preservation laws of Taiwan’s and other counties’, the propriety and value of Tshit-khiam to be seen as a cultural landscape is examined. Furthermore, the review of Japanese cultural heritage preservation system is also discussed in the hope of providing Tshit-khiam or future villages with suggestions and criteria of defining cultural landscapes.

    目錄:

    中文摘要
    英文摘要
    誌謝
    目錄
    表目錄
    圖目錄

    第一章 緒論
    1.1 研究動機與目
    1.2 研究範圍與內容
    1.3 研究方法與流程

    第二章 相關理論探討
    2.1 聚落相關研究
    2.2 文化景觀之定義與意涵

    第三章 空間變遷看七欠發展脈絡
    3.1 歷史發展與區域意涵
    3.2 地理環境與聚落選址
    3.3 七欠聚落型態

    第四章 七欠文化景觀的構成特性與保存
    4.1 七欠做為文化景觀的適切性分析
    4.2 聚落與文化景觀的結構分析
    4.3 七欠文化景觀的保存維護

    第五章 結論與建議
    5.1 結論
    5.2 後續研究與建議

    參考文獻