研究成果： 美濃地區菸樓空間營造之研究=The Research on Spatial Construction of Meinung Tobacco Buildings
The research is based on the architectural space of Meinung tobacco buildings, particularly on how the Meinung residents utilized spaces for the social praxis in the post-tobacco industry after the wane of the tobacco industry and the change of life style. From the examples that tobacco farmers constructed spaces from their own tobacco buildings and local intelligentsias promoted the movement to preserve the tobacco buildings, it is to study the recycling motion, starting point, faced problems and procedures between both. From the fieldwork, three main findings of the study were as follows:
First of all, the fieldwork indicates that there are four hundred and twenty-one tobacco buildings that are well preserved while there are four hundred and two damaged and nine hundred and ninety-one demolished completely or reconstructed for other usage. Regarding the conception of the spatial space of the tobacco buildings, tobacco farmers apply to extend the usage of the local language via the architectural form, the changes in materials and the division of tobacco labor. This conception comes from the social vicissitudes in Meinung tobacco production that turned into the extension for spatial function and formed the variety of spoken culture in Meinung area. After the spatial function of the tobacco building was waned, the image of the tobacco barns became the spatial symbol. The symbolization was formed mainly from the working experience that the tobacco farmers made inside the tobacco buildings.
Secondly, in the conception of the spatial construction, tobacco farmers were prone to re-develop the tobacco buildings. They had accumulated their own labor experience from tobacco production and applied it to reconstruct spaces. However, they were afraid of tobacco production and desired to release it from the operation. Their emotional dematerialization in tobacco production turned into the working behavioral vocabularies that were stated for human. They appease their inside motion via forming this kind of abstract elements. When the tobacco buildings were affected by the colonial rules, it caused the limitation in space. In the reconstruction of tobacco buildings, the tobacco farmers set it approach to their own usage which had debilitated the motivation that the craftsmen improved their skills. The spatial construction must be based on farmer’s behavior to achieve the target of generating the economic effect.
Thirdly, tobacco farmers were forced to change their existing traditional spatial system by colonized tobacco industry from the social praxis. Spatial forms were changed by labor demand, but tobacco farmers respected their own traditional spatial system through imitating method. The wane of tobacco industry was an indirect cause of the replacement of spatial function of tobacco buildings. Regarding the preservation in tobacco buildings and the transition of farmers in life style, both had caused the different attitude in spatial preservation. When tobacco farmers acted inside the tobacco buildings, they followed the preserving style which was the closest approach to use space.
The intelligentsias recovered their regretful feeling that could not participate in the labor procedure by their emotional memory and homesickness. They wished to prolong the culture of the tobacco production by its cooperation and mutuality. However, the transition in tobacco industry which the intelligentsias ignored had caused the changes in life style of the tobacco farmers. It had resulted in the starting point to extend tobacco culture by preserving complete spatial system but did not consider the functionalism. The researcher considers that it is a reasonable proceeding form that the intelligentsias update their main ideas in the image of the tobacco barns and replace to the respect of the tobacco farmers in life style.
第二章 文獻回顧 07
第三章 菸樓普查現象 13
第四章 殖民主義空間之異地重構 37
第五章 菸樓空間營造之社會實踐 107
第六章 結論 165