研究成果： 葉日松客語現代詩研究=The Study on Yeh,Jih-Sung’s Hakka modern poetry
Because Hakkanese didn’t usually use written words to express their thoughts, there are only few literary works passed down to the generations in written forms, although few Hakka folk songs lyrics were passed down by means of orals from some unknown writers.
After his hardworking in Hakkanese literature for more than forty years, the outstanding Hualien poet – Yeh, Jih-Sung, who is Hakkanese, has attempted to write Hakka nursery rhymes, lyrics for songs and compose new modern poetry which were quite different from those “main stream” literary works. He writes in Hakkanese words and thinks in Hakkanese ways. The number of his published poetry was almost up to three hundred.
There are three parts in the first chapter – study motives and objectives, study status and scale, and methods. In the second chapter, Yeh, Jih-Sung’s course of life was explored, the focal points in his life were stated, his literary connection and his personal belief in aesthetics was explored, his creativity of literature art was elucidated.
The third chapter is to study the relationship between Yeh, Jih-Sung and the Hakka modern poetry. He grew up in a thrifty environment which exerted him to spear.His inspiration came from his life experiences and his appreciation of Hakkanese customs. He deeply described in his literary works the Hakkanese customs and emotions among Hakka families. Because of his sense of historical mission, Yeh, Jih-Sung tried to express his thanks to the land, the Hakkanese culture, and to present the spirit and content of Hakkanese culture by all possible means.
In the fourth chapter, the content of Yeh, Jih-Sung’s Hakka modern poetry was analyzed. His modern poems were classified in five categories – praises for family love, memories of his daily life, his praises for the nature, his eager to promote the Hakkanese goods and scenic spots, and the traditional festivals and believes.
In the fifth chapter, the forms of Yeh, Jih-Sung’s Hakka modern poetry were analyzed. They are purely three words, three-five words, and irregular three-five-seven words style. The lines of his poetry were always few. Some of the paragraphs were composed by four or five lines of words, others by eight or nine lines of words. Poems which are composed of more than 30 lines of words are rarely found in his literary works.
In the sixth chapter, the sound affection in the Yeh, Jih-Sung’s Hakka modern poetry was analyzed. Lots of rhyming can be found in Yeh, Jih-Sungh’s poetry. They are rhyming in everyline, 1-2-4 line, and double lines. It builds harmony sounds, distinctive and soul-touching melody.
In the seventh chapter, the image of Yeh, Jih-Sung’s Hakka modern poems was discussed. It’s innovative and ingenious. According to the theory of modern poetry, Yeh, Jih-Sung’s modern poetry showed the solid images of activeness, elegance, emotion and ration. Yeh, Jih-Sung’s Hakka modern poems has offered multiple types of Hakkaese literature.
In the appendix, the photos, periodicals, original manuscript and interview records of Yeh, Jih-Sung are also included for further references.