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博碩士論文: 屏東縣萬巒鄉佳佐地區漢人開墾之研究:以陳超家族為例

  • 作者:邱坤玉(研究生)
  • 其他作者:吳中杰(CHONG-CHIEH WU)(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:高雄師範大學 
  • 系所名稱:客家文化研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2009
  • 畢業學年度:97
  • 頁數:263
      • 關鍵詞:漢人拓墾、加走庄、饒平長彬、吳陳家族、潮州人、Han Settlement、Jiazuo Village、Changbin Village in Raoping、Wu-Chen Family、Chaozhou Peo
      • 國家:臺灣
      • 城市:屏東縣
      • 地點:萬巒鄉

      摘要:

      臺灣是一個由來自中國大陸沿海省份的移民所組成的社會。因漢人祖籍不同而產生漳、泉、粵、潮的語言文化差異,造成族群間劇烈競爭是必然的過程。本文所指的屏東萬巒佳佐地區,在清初應隸屬港東上里區域,大致為東港溪以南地區,原來是鳳山八社中的力力社和加藤社的活動範圍。就地理位置而言,他位處在潮州斷層地帶,東有大武山做屏障,雨水豐沛,南有沖積扇型的平原;就族群分布而言,漢人在此建立了客家、閩南兩大區塊。
      他西疆六堆的客家「先鋒堆」-萬巒,北臨平埔族的赤山、萬金和加匏朗,東界即是「生番」出入狩獵的傀儡山。清雍正一七二○年左右有來自廣東省饒平新墟縣長彬鄉的「吳陳」家族,她們的原鄉屬於饒平潮州府,語言為潮汕音;吳陳家族從崁頂、潮州、四春、泗林,一路推進到佳佐地區,夾雜在平埔族、傀儡山的生番與「六堆」客家族群之間,建立聚落進行拓墾。
      尤其是以陳超為主的支脈,直到日治糖業發展時期,透過土地仲介關係,建立家族的政經地位,進而從事政治、土地開發、經營商行,經濟發展達到最顛峰。以致家族枝繁葉茂,建立大片莊園,迄今吳陳家族子孫人口繁衍超過2000人,其家族歷史發展,值得我們深入探討。
      本文是以屏東縣萬巒鄉佳佐地區漢人的拓墾區域為研究主體,時間、空間領域,以清末民初與日治時期為斷限;研究以佳佐陳超家族為主軸外,盤巨大潮州地區的還有三大拓墾勢力,他們都是來自同一區域的饒平,研究包括有:元勝陳、廣源陳、長彬吳陳。
      期盼能就陳超家族的連綿發展過程,透過資料顯示所涵蓋的點、線、面史料,可以窺探本區塊漢人拓墾與發展的情形。做為學術的呈現,列為爾後漢人拓墾區域研究之參考。
      Originally, Taiwan was composed of the settlement who were from coastal provinces in China.

      The Han ancestors’ brought different dialects of Zhang, Chuan, Yue, and Chao. Therefore, it was expected that strong fights would happen among these provincial origins.

      Jiazuo Area, in the Wanluan Township of Pingtung County, belonged to the Gangdong-Shang-Li Area during the Qing Dynasty, which consisted of the southern part of Dong-gang River. This area was originally the territory of Netne and Cattia, two of the Feng-Shan eight tribes.

      According to the location, the JiaZuo Area was on the Chao-Zhou Fault Area. Mountain Da-Wu maintained the barrier in the East. In the southern part of the JiaZuo Aera, there was an alluvial fan plain because of plentiful rain. Two provincial origins of the Han, Hakka and Min-nan, then, shared this area.

      In short, Wanluan Township, the Hakka Xianien-Feng-Dui of Liu-Dui, was the western boundary of the JiaZuo Area. In addition, the JiaZuo Area was facing north to Chi-Shan, Wan-Jin, and Jia-hu-lang. Finally, its eastern boundary was the Mountain Kui-Lei, where the “ShengFan” aboriginals hunted.

      During Emperor Yong Zheng Period of Qing Dynasty (1720 A.D.), Wu-Chen Family, who originally belonged to ChaoZhou Family in Raoping, migrated from the Chang-Bin Township in the Xin-xu County of the GuangDong Province. Wu-Chen Family spoke a language close to the Swatow dialect, They migrated from Kanding, Chaozhou, Sichun, and Silin to the JiaZuo Area. They had to fight for developing the JiaZuo Area and started their village between Tribe Pinpu, the “ShengFan” from Mountain Kui-Lei, and the Hakka people from Liu Dui.

      The descendants of Chen-Chao Family owned the peak of the socio-economic status among the Wu-Chen Family. They consolidated the family status through the sugar cane business during the Japanese Colonial Period.
      Then, the Wu-Chen Family built lots of plantations. In addition, more than 2000 descendants have shared the same family name until today. The development of the Wu-Chen Family is definitely noteworthy in every way.

      The main purpose of this study was to explore how the Han developed the uncultivated JiaZuo Area in the WanLuan Township of Ping-Tung County during the 19th and 20th century, the timing was form the late Qing Dynasty to the beginning of the Republic of China and the Japanese Colonial Period. This study focused on the Chen-Chao Family in the JiaZuo Area as well as three other main families, including Yuan-Sheng Chen, Guang-Yuan Chen, and Chang-Bin Wu Chen Familes from RaoPing, Chao-Zhou Area.

      Research on the development of Chen-Chao Family has been reviewed in this study. This research also has showed how the Han developed uncultivated lands for academic purposes. Finally, the researcher hopes the findings of this study maintain a significant reference in this field.

      目錄:

      第一章 緒論
      第一節 研究動機與目的 01
      第二節 研究方法與架構 05
      第三節 研究範圍與對象 09
      第四節 文獻回顧 12
      第二章 吳陳家族移墾屏東平原的開拓史
      第一節 屏東平原的地理環境 40
      第二節 清代屏東平原上漢人的拓墾情形 52
      第三節 吳陳家族移墾台灣的始末 68
      第四節 吳陳家族在屏東平原拓墾經過 91
      第三章 加走庄的歷史
      第一節 加走庄的由來 99
      第二節 加走庄的設庄與聚落發展 108
      第三節 吳陳家族與三山國王信仰 139
      第四節 閩客械鬥與見月庄的敗庄 159
      第五節 由通婚看陳家與原住民的關係 182
      第四章 佳佐吳陳家族之發展
      第一節 佳佐地區漢人拓墾情形 194
      第二節 吳陳家族的族群屬性 208
      第三節 陳超家族繁衍與土地拓墾 227
      第四節 陳超在社會脈絡之經營 241
      第五章 結論與建議
      第一節 結論 249
      第二節 後續研究建議 252