現在位置 首頁>檢索服務>詳目式

全文網際網路開放

研究成果: 苗栗地方政治與族群關係之研究—以2008年單一選區兩票制立委選舉為例=A Study on the Local Politics and Ethnic Relationship in Miaoli County—A Case Study on the 2008 Legislative Election under the Single-Constituency-Two-Votes System

  • 作者:彭志明(Chih-Ming Peng)(研究生)
  • 其他作者:周錦宏(Chin-Hung Chou)(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:國立中央大學
  • 系所名稱:客家政治經濟與政策研究所碩士在職專班
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2008
  • 畢業學年度:96
  • 頁數:212
      • 關鍵詞:單一選區兩票制、選舉制度、族群關係、地方政治、苗栗、Local politics、ethnic group relationship、legislative election
      • 國家:臺灣
      • 城市:苗栗縣

        摘要:

        客家族群佔了苗栗縣人口三分之二強,歷屆地方首長及民意代表多以客家族群為主,本研究乃在探究族群議題與地方政治發展的關連,藉由2008年苗栗縣的立委選舉做一系統性的分析,以瞭解新的選舉制度以及新的選區劃分對苗栗族群關係的影響,同時探討各政黨的提名策略及候選人的競選策略是否會受到族群屬性的不同而有所區別,最後再從新的選舉制度來討論苗栗族群發展與地方政治之關係,以做為未來選制變革之參考以及供學術界日後在實證研究的檢證。
        本研究採取文獻分析法、內容分析法以及深度訪談法,總計訪談政黨主委、選
        委會專業人士、立委候選人以及政治人物等四類關係人,藉以瞭解苗栗選區劃分過程是如何形成。另外,藉由選舉公報、候選人的文宣以及報章媒體中探討政黨及候選人的競選策略,並藉由立委選票的結果分析閩客之間的族群關係。
        研究結果發現:苗栗選區劃分過程中族群以及人口比例是考量的重要原則,居多數的客家族群相當尊重少數的閩南族群,政黨相當重視候選人的族群身份。選舉結果顯示,關鍵少數族群是這次選戰中致勝的要素,首次成立的客家黨仍然大有可為,候選人的族群策略並沒有奏效,訴諸地域不再是票房保證,政黨已經凌駕在族群之上,投票結果已不受族群影響,苗栗政治板塊仍是藍大於綠現象,一閩一客的立委席次成形,票票等值的民主意涵更為彰顯。
        More than two-thirds of residents in Miaoli County are Hakka. Therefore, most county magistrates and councilors are mainly Hakka. This study aims to address the relationship between ethnic issues and local political development by systematically analyzing the 2008 legislative election in Miaoli County. It is hoped that the study will be able to serve the following purposes: first to understand the impact of the new election system and the electoral districts divided under the single-constituency-two-votes system on the ethnic relationsship in Miaoli County, second to study whether there is a significant difference resulting from different ethnic groups in terms of nomination strategies adopted by various political parties and campaign strategies adopted by each candidate, third to discuss the possible development of ethnic relations in Miaoli County with the introduction of the new election system. This study may give authorities concerned some ideas if they want to make some changes in the election system in the future. It can also give future researchers some evidence for an empirical study.
        This study adopts the following methods: literature review, content analysis and in-depth interview. In-depth interview is designed to understand the forming process of planning the new constituencies and involves the following four types of people: political party leaders in Miaoli County, professionals from the election committees, legislative candidates, and political figures. On the other hand, the researcher analyses election bulletins issued by the election committee, campaign literature of each candidate, and media reports so as to get a thorough understanding of the strategies of each legislative candidate and each political party. In the end, the researcher analyses the Hakka-Souther Min ethnic relations in Miaoli County by using the legislative election results.
        This study has findings : both ethnic groups and population ratio are the major concerns in forming the constituencies in Miaoli County; majority Hakka quite respect the decision of minority Southern Min group; political parties show great concern about the identity of the candidate. Election results showed: minority groups played a critical role in the election; the newly formed Hakka Party has its potential in future elections; ethnic strategies adopted by some candidates did not work, that is, candidates’ resort to ethnic identity does not guarantee votes. Since the election result showed that political party identity outweighed ethnic identity, it is quite obvious that voting behavior in Miaoli County will not be decided by ethnic identity anymore. The study has found that the fact that the Blue Camp overpowers the Green Camp will not change in the foreseeable future and that two legislative seats from Miaoli County will be one from Hakka and the other from Southern Min. It is obvious that the idea that every vote counts will prevail in the future elections in Miaoli County.

        目錄:請點選以下目次顯示內容

        目錄
        第一章 緒論 1
        第一節 研究動機與目的 1
        第二節 名詞釋義 7
        第三節 研究方法 13
        第四節 研究範圍與限制 20
        第二章 文獻探討 22
        第一節 選舉制度與單一選區兩票制 22
        第二節 投票行為之研究 40
        第三節 相關文獻的分析 48
        第三章?]栗地方政治發展 79
        第一節 苗栗縣地方政治發展概述 79
        第二節 地方政治與族群關係 89
        第四章 實證研究 96
        第一節 選區劃分與政黨提名策略分析 96
        第二節 候選人選舉策略之分析 111
        第三節 族群結構與投票結果之分析 129
        第五章 結論與建議 139
        第一節 結論 139
        第二節 建議 144
        參考書目 147
        壹、中文部份 147
        貳、西文部份 161
        附錄一 162
        附錄二 211


        表目錄
        表1-1 本研究深度訪談對象表 17
        表2-1 「地方政治」學位研究表 47
        表2-2 以「選舉制度」或「選區劃分」作為探討 50
        表2-3 「投票行為」學位研究表 53
        表2-4 族群與地方政治相關之專業書籍一覽表 54
        表2-5 族群政治期刊論文一覽表 57
        表2-6 族群關係學位論文一覽表 61
        表3-1 歷任苗栗縣長、議長閩客身份統計表 89
        表3-2苗栗縣歷屆省議員族群身份統計表 90
        表3-3 苗栗縣歷任立法委員族群身份統計表 91
        表4-1 利害關係人對選區劃分因素一覽表 108
        表4-2 候選人選舉公報族群策略一覽表 111
        表4-3 第一選區候選人平面文宣內容分析表 114
        表4-4 第二選區候選人平面文宣內容分析表 117
        表4-5第一選區候選人平面媒體報導內容分析表 120
        表4-6 第二選區候選人平面媒體報導內容分析表 124
        表4-7 苗栗縣各鄉鎮市族群比例一覽表 127
        表4-8 苗栗縣第六屆立委選舉各鄉鎮市得票數 130
        表4-9第六屆立法委員苗栗縣政黨票數統計表: 130
        表4-10第六屆立法委員閩客籍候選人得票率統計表 131
        表4-11第七屆立委選舉苗栗縣第一選區各鄉鎮投開票結果統計表 132
        表4-12第七屆立委選舉苗栗縣第二選區各鄉鎮投開票結果統計表 132
        表4-13第七屆立委選舉全國不分區苗栗縣投開票結果統計表 133
        表4-14第七屆立委選舉苗栗縣藍綠陣營各鄉鎮得票率統計表 134


        圖目錄
        圖1- 1 研究架構圖 14
        圖1- 2 研究流程圖 19