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研究成果: 美濃地區客家「還神」祭典與客家八音運用之研究

  • 作者:謝宜文(研究生)
  • 其他作者:吳榮順(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:國立臺南大學 
  • 系所名稱:台灣文化研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2007
  • 畢業學年度:95
  • 頁數:245
    • 主題:生活技藝-祭祀禮儀技藝
    • 關鍵詞:客家八音、還神、拜天公、三獻禮、Wan-Shen、Hakka-Bayin、Bai-Tian-Gung、San-Shian-Li
    • 國家:臺灣
    • 城市:高雄縣
    • 地點:美濃鎮

      摘要:

      本研究為個案研究,研究對象是李瑞麟教練,藉由球員的觀點,來敘說李教練從1974至1997年間,領導美和青少棒、青棒、陸光成棒及時報鷹職棒隊之歷程,深入探討其領導歷程對球員的意義,經歷三個月的資料蒐集,資料來源包括與五位研究參與者的正式訪談、非正式訪談、對他們的觀察,另外並加上研究者於研究期間撰寫研究者日誌,也蒐集與本研究之相關文件與紀錄等;研究參與者為當時期在各級球隊接受過李教練訓練與指導之球員。資料分析主要採用敘說分析,研究可信任性的建立包括參與者檢核、同儕檢核、表明研究者立場、撰寫研究歷程等等。本個案李瑞麟教練是屏東縣萬巒鄉客家人,臺北體專畢業後,不斷地吸收棒球的知識與資訊,一點一滴儲存領導棒球隊的教練經驗,以堅毅、不服輸的客家硬頸精神,努力耕耘棒球運動這塊園地;研究結果發現,該個案與球員們在棒球生命的起步、生活互動、訓練與指導、挑戰國內外比賽、球隊是大家庭、締造三冠王生涯的巔鋒、升任時報鷹職棒隊總教練、跌落生涯的谷底、堅強面對癌症病魔的挑戰、希望再重回球場,十大主要棒球生命脈絡,是以威權、仁慈、德行家長式領導風格領導球隊,李瑞麟教練領導棒球隊歷程中賦予球員的主題意義,就是在球賽及人生,都要堅持到最後「永不放棄」;經由球員的敘說建構了,李瑞麟教練以一致的嚴格與標準來規範球員的行為,以求新求變的訓練方式指導球員,比賽時激勵球員,不管誰贏誰輸,都要有堅持到最後的信念,發揮永不放棄的精神,挑戰技術與精神的極限,才能反敗為勝,創造出輝煌的成績;對球員生涯的規劃給予關懷與鼓勵,教導球員在面對困難與挫折時,要堅定的走下去,永不放棄,為主體情境的再重現,本研究結果提供了十堂棒球教練實境寶貴的教材,其中運動教練家長式領導理論與李瑞麟教練領導實務是相輔相成的,帶給運動教練在領導行為上,理論與實徵結合的知識。
      In this thesis, Mr. Rei-Lin Lee is subject of this case study. The study covered the history between 1974 and 1997 when Mr. Lee was leading and coaching Meiho Junior Baseball Team, Meiho Youth Baseball Team, Lukwang Major Team and Sipo Eagle Pro Team. The researcher spent 3 months in collecting data from 5 research participants in this study for the meaning of Mr. Lee’s leadership to players in their eyes. The study data acquired through formal and informal interviewing with the 5 participants, findings emerged from interviewing transcriptions, observation notes, as well as the research journal of the researcher and the documents, reports and records related to this study. The participants were all players of different levels of baseball teams who had been guided, trained or coached by Mr. Lee. Data analysis was mainly in narrative analysis. The trustworthiness of the study was based on data triangulation, member check, peer examination, expressing the researcher’s position and audit trail.
      Mr. Rei-Lin Lee was a Hakka from Wan Ruan in Pintung. After graduating from Taipei Physical Education College, kept on absorbing knowledge and information about baseball, in bit and piece, he gradually accumulate the coaching experience in leading a base ball team. He cultivated this land of baseball sports with his persistent, indomitable Hakka spirit. It is found through the research, Mr. Lee led and coach teams in mercy, authoritative and patriarchal leadership and he passed 10 episodes –starting up his baseball life together with players, living together and interacting in two ways, training and guiding, challenging local and overseas competitions, building a big family of baseball team, creating Champion of All 3-Level, the top of his career, promoted to be the general coach of Sipo Eagle Pro Team, dropping to his career valley, facing cancer courageously and looking forward to returning to baseball field. In his coaching and leading players of teams, he gave them the key meaning that one should hang on to the last moment and Never Gives Up. According to the stories given by players, Coach Li govern the conduct of players in consistent and strict standard and he guided and instructed players in ever changing training manner, and in game, he stimulated the team to hold until the last moment is over, whether wining or losing. He wanted the players to challenge the extremes both in skill and in spirit, and only in this way can one stem the trend from losing to winning to create brilliant performance. In career planning of players, he always gave care and encouragement. He told players, when meeting difficulty or obstacle, to stay on, move ahead and never give up.
      In order to revive the scenario, the author provided 10 classes of baseball coaching materials. Among them, the Patriarchal Leadership theory of Sports Coaching coincides with the style of Coach Rei-Ling Lee. It can bring sport coaches with a theoretical and practical knowledge in leading a team.

      目錄:請點選以下目次顯示內容

      摘要 i
      英文摘要 ii
      謝誌 iii
      凡例 ix
      前言 1
      第一章 緒論 6
      第一節 何謂客家人的「還神」祭典 6
      第二節 中國古代之敬天與祭祀儀式 7
      第三節 祭孔祀典禮儀與客家傳統祭祀禮儀之文獻回顧 9
      第四節 客家「還神」祭典之文獻回顧 11
      第二章 六堆地區客家八音 14
      第一節 客家八音與客家人的生命禮俗 15
      第二節 客家八音的編制與演奏型態 16
      第三節 客家八音曲牌的分類 18
      第四節 六堆地區客家八音的保存 20
      第五節 客家八音之現況與危機 21
      第三章 新威地區傳統祭祀儀典與客家八音 25
      第一節 新威勸善堂「九獻禮」祭典 26
      第二節 新威地區客家「祭河江」祭典 35
      第三節 祭聖君「還神」祭典 39
      第四節 新民庄的「祭義塚」祭典 43
      第四章 杉林、圓潭地區客家「還神」祭典與客家八音 49
      第一節 福安庄宣化堂「還神」祭典 49
      第二節 祖堂陞座「還神」祭典 56
      第三節 福安庄客家結婚「還神」祭典 64
      第五章 美濃地區「還神」祭典與客家八音 68
      第一節 客家結婚儀典與「還神」祭典 69
      第二節 美濃春祈二月戲 91
      第三節 客家祖堂與伯公壇陞座「還神」祭典 103
      第四節 廟堂與伯公的「還神」祭典 116
      第五節 南隆地區北客聚落的「還神」祭典 135
      結論 141
      參考書目 148