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博碩士論文: 林占梅詩形賞析=The Appreciation of Lin Zhan Mei''s Poetry Form

  • 作者:蔡玉滿(研究生)、Tsai Yu Man(研究生)
  • 其他作者:范文芳(指導教授)、Fan Yun Fang(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:國立新竹師範學院
  • 系所名稱:臺灣語言與語文教育研究所
  • 學位類別:碩士
  • 出版日期:2003
  • 畢業學年度:91
  • 頁數:85
      • 關鍵詞:林占梅、竹塹、賞析、詩形、潛園、Lin Zhan Mei、Zhu Qian、Appreciation、Poetry Form、Qian Yuan
      • 城市:新竹縣

      摘要:

      清代北台灣的文風以竹塹最盛,竹塹的文學活動除了有鄭用錫在其北郭園的提倡,又得力於潛園詩社的獎掖。林占梅這位風雅園主,全無紈褲之習,除在金錢上資助藝文活動,更參與其間,以詩會友,潛心作詩。今人總計其可考之詩篇,多至二千首,由此可見先生創作之盛、用力之深;再究其詩之內容:大量的園林詩獨樹一格,闢中國詩境之另一天地,其清麗繽紛的詩園可謂開台灣詩史中最燦美的一頁,值得吾人品味遊賞。筆者浸淫其詩歌之際,乃進而發憤以專業所學為其傳統詩剖析、鑑賞,期望透過科學的修辭分析,將此新竹一代詩人定位。 本研究對林詩鑑賞的內容及方向如下: 一、從語言學分析林詩語言表達之手法 (一)語音:聲、韻、調、節奏如何與詩的內容作密切的配合。 (二)語形:詩如何以不同的佈局、構造發展出不一樣的氣勢。 (三)語義:如何雕琢、擷選字句,俾使成為珍珠以串成有光環的詩篇。 二、從美學角度探索林詩藝術之美 林詩如何藉以線條、形體、聲音的形式因素構成比例、對稱、均衡、秩序、多樣統一、整齊一律等諸種美感。例如五、七言詩的黃金比例、對聯的搭配對稱、色彩的均衡和諧、結構的層遞秩序、重複節奏的多樣統一、相似字句的整齊一律。 三、從詩史上界定林詩的價值 (一)林詩在中國詩史的價值:創作另一種與中國大陸迥然不同的的台灣區域文學。 (二)林詩在臺灣詩史的地位:以質優量多的詩作成為當時台灣詩壇的一代巨擘。
      During the period of Qin(清)dynasty, in the aspect of literature,Zhu Qian(竹塹) was the most popular area of north Taiwan. Such activities like literature, except for Zheng Yong-xi(鄭用錫)’s Bei Guo Yuan(北郭園),it’s also attributed to Qian Yuan(潛園)-poem-club. Talking of Lin Zhan-mei(林占梅),who he’s the leader of Qian Yuan(潛園)-poem-club. And he’s got no bad habits like good-for-nothing young man from a wealthy family,and devoted himself to writing poems.Besides providing money to activities such like literature, he also took part in activities,in which he had been exchanged his poems to peers.As far as we have already known,there are more than two thousand poems.according to his creative works,we would have found him more creative and took pains on his works.To analyse the extent and content of his poetry,we have been found that his farm poems are unique,which would have created the new domain for Chinese traditional poetry.In a word,his Qian Yuan(潛園)-poem-club was also to call the brillant page in the history of the poem of Taiwan. When the author enjoys himself to his works,and it coincidently inspires author to use what I have learned to analyse and evaluate his works.As I have been expected that it will be analysed by scientific rhetoric,and then it would give him a should-be deserved status in the domain of Taiwanese poetry. The paper to analyse and evaluate Lin Zhan-mei(林占梅)’s poetry,it will be sorted as the followings: I.To analyse Lin’s poetry from the angle of linguistics 1. Phonics:how the content of the poetry goes with voice,rhymn,tone and beat. 2. Word form:how the poetry shows its characteristics by arrangement and development in disorder. 3. semantics:how to drill and sift the words that the poetry has used,which can make pearls linkes into a string of pearls. II.To explore the beauty of Lin’s poetry from the angle of esthetics Lin’s poetry is how to use lines,forms,voices in his poems in propotion to the very symmetry ,balance,oder,diversified union,and well arragement. For instance,there are best propotion in the verse with five or six characters to each line,symmetry in antithetical,colour in accordenc with harmony,words order in structure,diversified union in repetitionary beat,and order in resembled sentences. III.To define the value of Lin’s poems from the the angle of poetry’s history 1. The value in the history of Chinese poetry:the creativeness of his works are alternative than the traditional works in Chinese Mainland,which are totally local literature. 2. The status in the history of poetry in Taiwan:the sum and essence in the poetry is certainly great,although he’s got lots of poems.And there’s no wonder that he became a super star in the domain of the poetry at that time.

      目錄:

      目 錄
      第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………...1
      第一節林占梅生平介紹………………………………………………………1
      第二節 研究動機與目標………………………………………………....2
      第三節 研究方法………………………………………………………....4
      第四節 文獻版本與研究範圍………………………………………………7
      第二章 林詩聲律賞析…………………………………………….…....10
      第一節 多樣的句型使節奏活潑…………………………………………..11
      第二節 諧情的韻腳使思緒迴蕩…………………………………………..12
      第三節 合義的五音使意念宣達…………………………………………..16
      第四節 適境的聲調使氣氛濃烈………………………………………...20
      第五節 違規的拗救使音律創新…………………………………………..22
      第六節 順暢的雙聲疊韻使誦讀圓潤…………………………………...23
      第七節 連續的疊字使吟詠鏗鏘…………………………………………..25
      第八節 重複的曲調使旋律和諧…………………………………………..26
      第九節 強化的拍子使主題明顯…………………………………………..28
      第十節 逆挽的倒置使聲勢勁健……………………………….….....29
      第三章 林詩結構賞析………………………………………………....31
      第一節 簡直貫穿的承接…………………………………………………..31
      第二節 飄忽緊勒的截斷…………………………………………………..32
      第三節 相應纏綿的錯綜…………………………………………….…...33
      第四節 曲折新穎的翻疊………………………………………………....34
      第五節 鮮明對峙的對比…………………………………………………..35
      第六節 移位聚焦的倒裝…………………………………………………..37
      第七節 跳脫合筆的補起…………………………………………………..38
      第八節 流動有序的層遞…………………………………………………..39
      第九節 七(言)轉五(言)直的選體…………………………………..42
      第十節 雕塑畫圖的構……………………………………………......45
      第四章 林詩詞采賞析………………………………………………....47
      第一節 驚艷的奇巧之詞……………………………………………….….47
      第二節 親切的俗拙之詞……………………………………………….….49
      第三節 凝鍊的濃烈之詞……………………………………………….….51
      第四節 恬遠的清淡之詞…………………………………………………..53
      第五節 激越的雄健之詞…………………………………………………..54
      第六節 清緩的雅柔之詞…………………………………………………..56
      第七節 隱微的委曲之詞…………………………………………………..57
      第八節 率意的直賦之詞…………………………………………………..59
      第九節 含情的色彩之詞…………………………………………………..61
      第十節 拓寬的感覺之詞………………………………….….........65
      第五章 結論--林詩的藝術特色及歷史意義…………...............…67
      第一節林詩的藝術特色………………………..…………………........67
      一、重視獨創的新奇………………………………………………………..68
      二、抒發真誠的直語………………………………………………………..69
      三、編織多感的錯綜………………………………………………………..69
      四、強調妙悟的翻新………………………………………………………..70
      五、融入多義的象徵………………………………………………………..70
      六、採用平易的俗語……………………………………………………....71
      七、雕琢嚴謹的格律………………………………………………………..71
      八、鍛鍊精巧的字句………………………………………………………..72
      九、營造幽深的曲折………………………………………………………..72
      第二節 林詩的歷史意義…………………………………………………..73
      一、臺灣地理的遊歷………………………………………………........74
      二、臺灣風物的採…………………………………………………………..75
      三、臺灣時事的紀錄………………………………………………………..77
      四、臺灣本土詞彙的融入………………………………………………..…78
      五、臺灣家居園林的抒寫………………………………………………..…79
      六、臺灣傳統的擊缽詩及結社唱和……………………………………..…80
      主要參考文獻………………………………………………………………..82