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博碩士論文: 孕育社區博物館的過程-美濃經驗=The Process of Gestating A Community Museum:The Experiences in Meinung

  • 作者:宋長青(研究生)、ChangChing, Sung(研究生)
  • 其他作者:徐純(指導教授)、Chris,Hsu(指導教授)
  • 語文:中文
  • 出版者:臺南藝術學院
  • 系所名稱:博物館學研究所
  • 學位類別:博士
  • 出版日期:2003
  • 畢業學年度:91
  • 頁數:124
      • 關鍵詞:社區博物館、美濃經驗、反水庫運動、孕育社區博物館的過程、生活聚落博物館、菸葉博物館、水博物館、community museum、experiences in Meinung、anti-dam movement、the process of gestating a community museum、living community museum、tobacco museum、water museum

        摘要:

        這篇論文命名為「孕育社區博物館的過程-美濃經驗」,首先問的是,美濃民眾的社區意識,是如何形成的?社區意識的形成對於民眾觸及「博物館」時的交互作用是什麼?民眾對於「社區博物館」的想像又是什麼?根據生命起始孕育而養成的想法,觀察「孕育社區博物館過程」中各種互相激盪的作用力,觀察社區民眾其創造的矛盾、溝通、挫敗與希望。筆者進而把民眾對於孕育社區博物館的各種面向,定名為水博物館、菸業博物館、生活聚落博物館、美濃社區博物館作為討論的基準。 起於1990年代的美濃反水庫運動,民眾意識到社區的自然環境、產業經濟、人文脈絡等等,都處於衰敗破落的階段,覺醒後以群策群力的行動,進行「一場起於反水庫,卻永無止境的社區運動」。 以反水庫作為串聯主幹的社區運動,遇上社區需要改進時,讓生活更美好的行動開始伸出觸角:在「匯流成河的生命之水-孕育水博物館的過程」篇章中觀察,社區民眾對於自然資源的維護與使用,具有研究和教育的行動力,形成了社區發展的願景:建立水博物館、催生黃蝶翠谷生態公園。社區民眾把社區博物館看成,與環境運動、社區運動的連結點,社區發展的方向。 「經濟自足下的美濃性格-孕育菸業博物館的過程」篇章中觀察,民眾對於菸葉議題的長期關注遇上了產業迫切轉型的危機感,發酵出菸業博物館的想像,社區期待菸業博物館,能幫助菸農找到出路並發展菸葉文化。 「公共化的生活空間-孕育聚落生活博物館的過程」篇章中觀察,在生活的便利性與保存文化空間的拉扯中,社區書寫自己的歷史、找出文化景點的行動案例,進而構想以博物館活絡社區,發想經營可親身體驗的聚落生活博物館。 「文化機構的紮根工作-孕育美濃社區博物館的過程」篇章中探討,以各種方式奠基社區力量的機構:鍾理和紀念館、龍肚國小自然生態園區、旗美社大、美濃客家文物館,把其操作經驗作為社區博物館發展的參考。 最後拿孕育社區博物館的過程,探討美濃經驗與博物館理論的辯證關係。
        The topic of the research is “the process of gestating a community museum: the experiences in Meinung.” The question first came upon is that “how is the community consciousness of people in Meinung developed.” Then, the questions following are “what is the developed community consciousness influence on people when they encounter with [museum]”; “what are the imaginations of people on [community museum].” This research is based upon the idea of the origin, gestation, and breed of life. Then to observe the interaction inside the process of gestation a community museum and the encountered conflicts, communication, fails and hope. The author tries to classify the discussed ideas of a community museum as the water museum, the tobacco museum, the living community museum and the Meinung community museum. And this classification will be the basic criterion of this research. The anti-dam movement, started since 1992, have had raised the community consciousness of people in Meinung. The social movement later transformed to devote itself to community improvement. In the chapter of “the process of gestating the water museum”, we found that the community owned the action of research and education on the protection and using of the natural resources. And it formed the vision of community development, such as constructing a water museum and the Yellow Butterfly eco-park. The community regarded the community museum as the connection point between the social movement and community movement and the direction of the community development. In the chapter of “the process of gestating the tobacco museum”, we discussed that people in Meinung have been facing a crisis of changing the pattern of cultivation. After this, the imagination of tobacco museum went to be fermenting. The community are expecting the turning up of tobacco museum and hoping that the new way to develop tobacco culture could be found. In the chapter of “the process of gestation the living community museum”, we explored that the community, though lying in the situation of pulling and dragging between living convenience and culture protection, they have tried hard to write the history belonging to themselves and figure out the action plans to solve the contradiction. And then, they brought forth an idea of a living community museum that could be living in and energize the community. In the chapter of “the process of gestating the Meinung community museum”, we enquired about the organizations, such as the Chung, Li-hoh Literature Memorial Hall, the Educational Ecology Garden, the Chi-mei Community College, and the Meinung Hakka Museum, that empower the community. The research attempts to explore their operating experiences which could be the consultation of developing a community museum. Ultimately, the research takes this process of gestating a community museum as an example to discuss the dialectical relationship between the theory of museology and the experiences of Meinung.

        目錄:

        孕育社區博物館的過程-美濃經驗
        第一章 緒論
        1.1 為什麼要寫作? 3
        1.2 進入寫作的世界 4
        第二章 方法與步驟
        2.1 尋找脈絡 7
        2.2 從現實進入文本 8
        第三章 匯流成河的生命之水
        3.1美濃水的幾個歷史階段 12
        3.2反水庫的隊伍 13
        3.3反水庫的覺醒 19
        3.4孕育水博物館 24
        第四章 經濟自足下的美濃性格
        4.1歷史性的時刻 32
        4.2怎麼面對 33
        4.3累積與創作 36
        4.4孕育菸業博物館 39
        第五章 公共化的生活空間
        5.1永安聚落的幾個歷史階段 47
        5.2遊覽老街 48
        5.3老街的動力 49
        5.4累積與創作 50
        5.5孕育聚落生活博物館 53
        第六章 文化教育機構的紮根工作
        6.1齊力奠定的文學基地-鍾理和紀念館 58
        6.2發展自然生態教育的基地-龍肚國小自然生態園區 62
        6.3建立公民社會的學習管道-旗美社大 66
        6.4文化館、文物館、博物館? 71
        6.5 孕育美濃社區博物館的可能性 83
        第七章 總結-從美濃再出發 85
        參考書目 89
        附錄訪談稿92